PLB (Personal Locator Beacons) and / or SEND (Satellite Emergency Notification Devices).
The purpose of this document is to explain some of the differences between the two technologies and what device may be the most suitable for each application.
|Explanatory note – PLB /SEND – short summary of differences – pros and cons
“PLB or SEND?”
Why a PLB or SEND
- it can save your or someone else’s life
- accidents do occur in areas without GSM coverage (90% of the world[i])
- to help rescuers find survivors within the so-called “golden day”[ii]
- brings you peace of mind
- allows tracking[iii]
- useful when boating, skiing, hiking, windsurfing, climbing, etc.
PLB & SEND – in common:
- transmit your GPS location and your personal information
- has GPS accuracy less than 100 meters with clear view of the sky
- transmit emergency signals for at least 24 hours
- function in very cold temperatures -4°F (-20°C)
- function at high elevation
- minimum 5 year lithium batteries (MOB1 7y)
- self-testing of circuitry, battery and 406 MHz transmission
- single hand operation
- works at land or at sea
PLB Personal Locator Beacon
Description 1- way global reliable SOS beacon
- A PLB has three levels of integrated signal technology – GPS positioning, a powerful 406 MHz distress signal, and 121.5 MHz homing frequency –
- the PLB quickly and accurately relays your position to a worldwide network of search and rescue satellites.
- the 406 MHz signal is monitored by COSPAS/SARSAT (SARSAT is an acronym for “Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking”)
- each PLB is equipped with a unique identifying code which is a 15 digit alpha-numeric code.
- this code is transmitted in the electronic burst to the satellites and is linked to a computer database to provide your name, address, phone number and any pertinent information such as medical problems, to search and rescue personnel
- a PLB has to be registered with national authorities – in the case Switzerland OFCOM There is a unique registration fee of CHF 105
- no subscription fee
- ACR ResQLink+ – worlds smallest floating PLB.
- ACR ResQLink
- Ocean Signal rescueME PLB1 – worlds smallest PLB
producer model ACR ResQLink ACR ResQLink+ Ocean Signal PLB1
Marine Electronic Sarl is Swiss distributor for Ocean Signal Ltd and ACR Electronics Inc.
SEND: Satellite Emergency Notification Device
Description 2-way global SOS, tracking and communication devise with monitoring of location
- uses Iridium, a commercial network containing 66 satellites with global coverage.
- transmission during 100hrs (tracking every 10 minutes)
- send and receive SMS
- tracking and monitoring
- confirmation of SOS signals
- emergency calls/emissions are routed to an organisation named GEOS International Emergency Response Coordination Center headquartered Houston, USA.
- Satellite messenger devices are less “powerful” (1.6W versus 5W for PLB)[iv] than PLBs and works better with an open view of the sky to transmit successfully.
- A built-in strobe light provides visibility during night rescues
- Unlimited access to downloadable maps
- DeLorme inReach SE – (see technology above)
- DeLorme inReach EXPLORER – has all the features of inReach SE, plus built-in navigation capabilities, routing, navigation to waypoint, barometric altimeter, digital compass, connection to Smartphone
SEND: Satellite Emergency Notification Device– inReach SE inReach EXPLORER
Marine Electronic Sarl is Swiss distributor for Delorme Inc.
- inReach has to be registered with Delorme (the producer)
- this can be done directly on-line or by using our services the monthly fee varies depending upon requirements (minimum 25.- / month)
- The subscription can be cancelled or put on hold at 30d notice
- PLB & SEND are both registered with the coordinates of the owner. (user)
- PLB with OFCOM / COSPAS/SARSAT and SEND with GEOS
- these coordinates include the country of registration.
- Irrespective of country where the SOS has been triggered, provided the devise is registered to a Swiss owner – REGA will be alerted and will coordinate the SAR (Search And Rescue) – albeit not directly intervene other than in their “territory” Switzerland and French Alps.
- Recommended selling prices October 2015 –
- for current prices please contact info@rescue-ME.ch or refer to www.resque-ME.ch
Make Article # Model CHF Delorme INRE – 002 inReach SE 385.- Delorme INRE – 003 inReach EXPLORER 430.- ACR PLB-375 – 2881 ResQLink+ (buoyant) 405.- ACR PLB-375 – 2880 ResQLink (standard) 385.- ACR Neoprene pouch 45.- Ocean Signal OS – 121 PLB1 385.-
- One technology / alternative is not “better” than the other!
- The choice is a matter of the user’s preference and needs.
- 1 or 2-way communication
- SMS ability
- tracking ability
- PLB may have a better transmission in wooded terrain
- one time cost or subscription
- PLB has the ease of use 100% reliable SOS function “rescue me”
- SEND has the same plus messaging and tracking
- EPIRB – same functionality as PLB but bigger and made for use onboard vessels.
There are other models in the market such as SPOT, McMurdo, and Kannad etc. Our preferences, for a number of reasons, are without any doubt the ones mention in this report.GSatMICRO is currently undergoing tests and may be added at a later stage.
[I] Source IRIDIUM
[II] (the first 24 hours following a traumatic event) during which the majority of survivors can usually be saved.
[VI] Source OutdoorGearLab